Institut für Geo- und Umweltnaturwissenschaften

Mineralogie - Petrologie 

Albertstraße 23b   

79104 Freiburg i. Br.       

Tel.: +49 (0)761 -203-6396  




Ore-forming processes

Master course offered annually in the summer semester

This course is devoted to processes of metal distribution, transport and enrichment in Earth's lithosphere. We use process-oriented approach from mantle-derived mafic magmas and their metal budget through silicic magmas, their volatiles, exsolution and fractionation of metals towards a large group of hydrothermal processes and fluid-rock interaction. The course concludes with fluids generated during crustal metamorphism and in sedimentary basins, and ore-forming processes in near-surface environments (weathering and supergene mobility).

Instructors: Prof. David Dolejš, Dr. Harri Geiger

Course contents

  • Introduction to ore deposits: types and processes
  • Metals and sulfur in ultramafic and mafic systems
  • Sulfide and oxide ore assemblages
  • Magmatic fluid phase
  • Mineral equilibria in hydrothermal fluids
  • Hydrothermal transport of metals
  • Thermodynamic models of reactive fluid flow
  • Alteration geochemistry
  • Fluid flow in the Earth's crust
  • Metamorphic and sedimentary ore-forming fluids
  • Supergene processes
  • Surface processes
  • Metamorphism of ore deposits


Course materials are available in the university e-learning system (ILIAS)

Recommended reading

  • Barnes H.L. (ed., 1997): Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Ore Deposits. Wiley, 972 p.
  • Richards J.P., Larson P.B. (eds., 1998): Techniques in Hydrothermal Ore Deposits Geology. Reviews in Economic Geology 10, 256 p.
  • Ridley J. (2013): Ore Deposit Geology. Cambridge University Press, 409 p.
  • Robb L. (2015): Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes (2nd edition). Wiley, 373 p.


Benutzerspezifische Werkzeuge